Answered By: Digital Library Services Team
Last Updated: Feb 03, 2017     Views: 25

Copyright allows a rightsholder to control use of the work in question. The copyright owner, subject to copyright law exceptions, controls who may:

  1. copy the work
  2. issue copies of the work to the public
  3. rent or lend the work to the public
  4. perform, show or play the work in public
  5. communicate the work to the public - this includes making the work available online, and broadcasting the work; and
  6. make an adaptation of the work or do any of the above in relation to an adaptation

The definition of "public" here is likely to include staff and students. Therefore, including somebody's work on the University intranet (e.g. Moodle) without their permission, counts as infringement by communication to the public. For example, a video from YouTube being embedded into a VLE. Although copying may not take place the embedding is likely to be considered "communication to the public" which is a restricted act and would require permission from the rightsholder.

Copyright can exist separately and collectively in the components of any particular work. For example, the elements that constitute a web site may include the web page, title, sound effects, images or pictures on the page and the address or domain name. Apart from the copyright of the web site itself, each of these components grant separate rights to their owners.

Answer sourced from: JISC Legal Copyright Law Overview (12 June 2014)