Answered By: Referencing Enquiries Team
Last Updated: Aug 29, 2017     Views: 333

Secondary referencing refers to citing an author cited in another source.


If you want to use information that an author has cited, it is best practice to locate the original source and cite and reference it.  This is because when using a secondary citation, you are using an author’s interpretation of the original source which you have not read.


Please check with your tutor if it is acceptable to use secondary citations in your academic work and if it is, use them sparingly.


The format for a secondary citation is different to the usual format for a citation.  See the section in the MMU Harvard guide on Secondary sources for instruction on how to format the citation.


When citing a secondary source, you should only include the source you read in your reference list and NOT the reference for the original source.