Answered By: Referencing Enquiries Team
Last Updated: Apr 19, 2018     Views: 10656

In theory, you do not need to cite and reference a photograph that you have taken yourself as you are the creator of the photograph. However, you would need to add a caption beneath any illustration within the main body of your work, ie, giving the photo a title, as follows:

Figure 1: Title of photo. 

You would then refer to the photo in the main body of your text, to explain why you have included it in your work, for example:

Figure 1 shows…

There are exceptions to when you would need to cite and reference photographs you have taken yourself, which are when the photograph is of a source of information, for example archive material, a poster created by someone else, or a work of art in a museum or gallery which you are referring to in your work.  In this case, you should cite and reference the source itself.

If your photograph is of a source of information, see instruction in the guide of how to present illustrations (including photographs) in your work in the section on 'Illustrations: e.g. images, pictures, diagrams, graphs charts or tables'.  An example of a caption for a photograph of a source of information might be:

Figure 1: Image of The sensory war 1914-2014 (Carden-Coyne, 2014)


Also, consult the relevant section in the MMU Harvard referencing guide for instruction on how to reference the specific source in which the illustration is located.