Answered By: Gopal Dutta
Last Updated: Dec 17, 2018     Views: 692

Citing a collection of poems by the same author

 

Citation elements

(Author/ surname, year of publication of the source)

 

Example citation

(Duffy, 2015)

 

Reference - the reference should reflect the specific source/collection, for example a poetry book would be referenced as follows:

 

Reference elements

Author surname, initial/s. (Year of publication) Title of book (in italics). Place of publication: Publisher.

 

Example reference

Duffy, C. A. (2015) Collected poems. London: Picador.

 

Citing a whole poem

It may be appropriate to introduce the author and title of the poem in your writing. The reference for this would be easily located in your reference list – see below for instruction.

When introducing the title of the poem in your work, place it in single quotation marks, for example, ‘Whatever’.  Place book titles/poetry collections or anthologies in italics, for example, Collected poems.  The first time you use an author’s name in your writing, use their full name. Use only the surname for subsequent mentions of the same author.

If however, it is not appropriate to name the author or title of the poem for the purpose of your assignment, your citation should be formatted as below.

 

Citation elements

(Author surname, Title of poem)

 

Example citation

(Duffy, Whatever)

 

Citing a section or specific line/s of a poem

The line number/s of the poem is used in the citation when citing a specific section or line of a poem.  If a poem has stanzas, also use the stanza number in the citation to help direct the reader to the section you are citing.  If the poem does not have stanzas then leave this element out, as in the second example below.

 

If you have introduced the author and title of the poem in your writing, then you only need to use the stanza and/or line number in the citation, for example: (stanza 3, lines 1-2).

If however, you have not introduced the author and title of the poem in your writing, as there is no specific need for the purpose of your assignment, your citation should be formatted as below.

 

Citation elements

(Author surname, stanza no. [if applicable], line no./s)

 

Example citations

(Duffy, Whatever, stanza 3, lines 1-2)

(Duffy, Spell, line 2)

 

Direct quotes

When quoting directly from poetry, two lines of poetry/verse can be incorporated into the sentence.  More than two lines of poetry/verse should be indented and placed in a separate paragraph.  Please see the section on Direct quotes for examples of how this is presented.

 

Referencing poems

The reference should reflect the specific source in which you located the poem, whether that is a book/webpage etc. Therefore the elements of the reference would be depend on the source, for example:

 

Reference elements for a poem located in a book

Author surname, initial/s. (year of publication of the source) ‘Title of poem.’ In Author/editor of publication/source (if different to author/poet of cited poem) Title of publication/source (in italics). Place of publication: Publisher, page number/s.

 

Example references

Duffy, C. A. (2015) ‘Whatever.’ In Collected poems. London: Picador, p. 413.

Duffy, C. A. (2015) ‘Spell.’ In Collected poems. London: Picador, p. 481.

 

Reference elements for a poem located on a webpage

Author surname, initial/s. (year of publication of the source) ‘Title of poem.’ In Title of source/website (in italics). [Online] [Access date] URL

 

Example reference

Duffy, C. A. (2005) ‘Whatever.’ In The Poetry Archive. [Online] [Accessed on 2nd November 2018] https://www.poetryarchive.org/poem/whatever