Answered By: Digital Library Services Team
Last Updated: Feb 03, 2017     Views: 102

The starting rule is that first owner of copyright will be the author. However, there are a number of exceptions to this rule including works created during the course of employment.

In general, for material produced by an employee in the course of her/his work at MMU, the copyright belongs to MMU. 

For more details, please refer to Manchester Metropolitan University’s Intellectual Property Policy

Copyright can also be bought, sold (assigned) or licensed to another person or organisation. Additionally, where the work has been commissioned from a third party (for example under a contract for services or other agreement) the contractor will often own the copyright. This may also be the case for academic articles as usually the publisher will own the copyright under a publishing agreement rather than the author or MMU.

In some situations, where there is a joint contribution there may be joint ownership of works.