Answered By: Referencing Enquiries Team
Last Updated: Mar 19, 2018     Views: 989

It depends on the referencing style. You may need to check with your department about what referencing style to use. We have information about some of the styles in use at Manchester Metropolitan University in our Referencing Guide (link below).

Most departments use the MMU Harvard style. There is a link to our MMU Harvard guide below as well.

Here is how you cite and reference a book written by one or more authors using the MMU Harvard style:


Example citation

(Cottrell, 2011) OR, if using a ‘direct quote’, (Cottrell, 2011:97)

Reference elements

Author’s surname/s, Initial/s. (Year of publication) Title of book (in italics). Edition if applicable., Place of publication: Publisher.

Example reference

Cottrell, S. (2011) Critical thinking skills: developing effective analysis and argument. 2nd ed., Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Please note, citing and referencing a chapter in an edited book is done differently to citing and referencing a book written by one or more authors. Check the MMU Harvard guide below to find out more.